Thrombocytopenia (Low platelet count)


What are platelets?

Platelets, also known as thrombocytes, are blood cells. They form in your bone marrow, a sponge-like tissue in your bones. Platelets play a major role in blood clotting. Normally, when one of your blood vessels is injured, you start to bleed. Your platelets will clot (clump together) to plug the hole in the blood vessel and stop the bleeding.

Normal platelet count A normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. Having more than 450,000 platelets is a condition called thrombocytosis; having less than 150,000 is known as thrombocytopenia.

What is Thrombocytopenia?

Thrombocytopenia is a disease in which the platelet count of the blood falls below the normal platelet count (1.5 m3).It is considered to be the most common disease of the blood after anaemia, which affects both men and women equally. Actually, platelets play an important role in the process of blood clotting. Decreased platelets increase the problem of bleeding and blood loss and if there is any other disease related to blood clotting, then it can also become a serious problem.

What is Thrombocytopenia